RHEL6中安装Samba服务器及配置

Samba服务器是跨平台的网络文件系统软件。最初是用于Windows与类Unix平台,之前说的NFS网络文件服务器却只是用于累Unix平台下的网络文件系统服务器。众所周知,Windows操作系统在全球的占有率还是超过类Unix平台的操作系统的。所以,NFS的运用并不是很广泛。但是,Samba服务器是跨平台的网络文件系统。可以让Windows用户通过“网上邻居”像访问Windows共享资源那样访问类Unix下的Samba服务器的文件。目前,网络服务器中类Unix平台还是占有很大的比率的,所以,Samba服务器的运用就变得更广泛了。下面是摘录的一些关于Samba的更详细资料: Samba是许多服务以及协议的实现,其包括TCP/IP上的NetBIOS(NBT)、SMB、CIFS (SMB的增强版本)、 DCE/RPC或者更具体来说MSRPC(网络邻居协议套件)、一种 WINS服 务器(也被称作NetBIOS Name Server(NBNS))、NT 域协议套件(包括NT Domain Logons、Secure Accounts Manager(SAM)数据库、Local Security Authority(LSA)服务、NT-style打印服务(SPOOLSS)、NTLM以及近来出现的包括一种改进的Kerberos协议与改进的轻型目录访问协议(LDAP)在内的Active Directory Logon服务)。以上这些服务以及协议经常被错误地归类为NetBIOS或者SMB。Samba也能够用于共享打印机。 YUM安装Samba软件: 如果用RPM软件管理器安装Samba服务器是一件相当麻烦的,互联网上还有专门针对解决安装Samba服务器找依赖关系的的软件。这里就不用这种方式了,就用之前提过的YUM软件管理器来安装。通过架设本地YUM库直接拿系统镜像文件里的软件包进行安装,方便快捷。 yum install samba -y Samba服务器的配置; Samba服务器能实现的功能还是很强大的,所以它的配置文件的参数也还是挺多的。下面是Samba主配置部分cat出内容。Samba的主配置文件为/etc/samba/目录下的smb.conf #--------------- # SELINUX NOTES: # # If you want to use the useradd/groupadd family of binaries please run: # setsebool -P samba_domain_controller on # # If you want to share home directories via samba please run: # setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs on # # If you create a new directory you want to share you should mark it as # "samba_share_t" so that selinux will let you write into it. # Make sure not to do that on system directories as they may already have # been marked with othe SELinux labels. # # Use ls -ldZ /path to see which context a directory has # # Set labels only on directories you created! # To set a label use the following: chcon -t samba_share_t /path # # If you need to share a system created directory you can use one of the # following (read-only/read-write): # setsebool -P samba_export_all_ro on # or # setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on # # If you want to run scripts (preexec/root prexec/print command/...) please # put them into the /var/lib/samba/scripts directory so that smbd will be # allowed to run them. # Make sure you COPY them and not MOVE them so that the right SELinux context # is applied, to check all is ok use restorecon -R -v /var/lib/samba/scripts # #-------------- # #======================= Global Settings =====全局配置=================== [global] # ----------------------- Network Related Options ------------------------- # # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH # # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field # # netbios name can be used to specify a server name not tied to the hostname # # Interfaces lets you configure Samba to use multiple interfaces # If you have multiple network interfaces then you can list the ones # you want to listen on (never omit localhost) # # Hosts Allow/Hosts Deny lets you restrict who can connect, and you can # specifiy it as a per share option as well # workgroup = WORKGROUP ; server string = Samba Server Version %v server string = Johnson Wenvki SMB Server ; netbios name = MYSERVER ; interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 ; hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13. # --------------------------- Logging Options ----------------------------- # # Log File let you specify where to put logs and how to split them up. # # Max Log Size let you specify the max size log files should reach # logs split per machine log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m # max 50KB per log file, then rotate max log size = 50 # ----------------------- Standalone Server Options ------------------------ # # Scurity can be set to user, share(deprecated) or server(deprecated) # # Backend to store user information in. New installations should # use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards # compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration. security = user passdb backend = tdbsam # ----------------------- Domain Members Options ------------------------ # # Security must be set to domain or ads # # Use the realm option only with security = ads # Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of # # Backend to store user information in. New installations should # use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards # compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration. # # Use password server option only with security = server or if you can't # use the DNS to locate Domain Controllers # The argument list may include: # password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name] # or to auto-locate the domain controller/s # password server = * ; security = domain ; passdb backend = tdbsam ; realm = MY_REALM ; password server = <NT-Server-Name> # ----------------------- Domain Controller Options ------------------------ # # Security must be set to user for domain controllers # # Backend to store user information in. New installations should # use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards # compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration. # # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job # # Domain Logons let Samba be a domain logon server for Windows workstations. # # Logon Scrpit let yuou specify a script to be run at login time on the client # You need to provide it in a share called NETLOGON # # Logon Path let you specify where user profiles are stored (UNC path) # # Various scripts can be used on a domain controller or stand-alone # machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts # ; security = user ; passdb backend = tdbsam ; domain master = yes ; domain logons = yes # the login script name depends on the machine name ; logon script = %m.bat # the login script name depends on the unix user used ; logon script = %u.bat ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%u # disables profiles support by specifing an empty path ; logon path = ; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd "%u" -n -g users ; add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd "%g" ; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -n -c "Workstation (%u)" -M -d /nohome -s /bin/false "%u" ; delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" ; delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" "%g" ; delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel "%g" # ----------------------- Browser Control Options ---------------------------- # # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply # # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser # elections. The default value should be reasonable # # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election ; local master = no ; os level = 33 ; preferred master = yes #----------------------------- Name Resolution ------------------------------- # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section: # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both # # - WINS Support: Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server # # - WINS Server: Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client # # - WINS Proxy: Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO. # # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names # via DNS nslookups. ; wins support = yes ; wins server = w.x.y.z ; wins proxy = yes ; dns proxy = yes # --------------------------- Printing Options ----------------------------- # # # Load Printers let you load automatically the list of printers rather # than setting them up individually # # Cups Options let you pass the cups libs custom options, setting it to raw # for example will let you use drivers on your Windows clients # # Printcap Name let you specify an alternative printcap file # # You can choose a non default printing system using the Printing option load printers = yes cups options = raw ; printcap name = /etc/printcap #obtain list of printers automatically on SystemV ; printcap name = lpstat ; printing = cups # --------------------------- Filesystem Options --------------------------- # # The following options can be uncommented if the filesystem supports # Extended Attributes and they are enabled (usually by the mount option # user_xattr). Thess options will let the admin store the DOS attributes # in an EA and make samba not mess with the permission bits. # # Note: these options can also be set just per share, setting them in global # makes them the default for all shares ; map archive = no ; map hidden = no ; map read only = no ; map system = no ; store dos attributes = yes #============================ Share Definitions ============================== [homes] comment = Home Directories browseable = no writable = yes valid users = %S ; valid users = MYDOMAIN\%S [printers] comment = All Printers path = /var/spool/samba browseable = no guest ok = no writable = no printable = yes # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons ; [netlogon] ; comment = Network Logon Service ; path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon ; guest ok = yes ; writable = no ; share modes = no # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share # the default is to use the user's home directory ; [Profiles] ; path = /var/lib/samba/profiles ; browseable = no ; guest ok = yes # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in # the "staff" group ; [public] ; comment = Public Stuff ; path = /home/samba ; public = yes ; writable = yes ; printable = no ; write list = +staff 看上去比较多。确实是的,因为Samba涉及的网络服务范围很广泛,而且是跨平台的软件。有Windows系统和类Unix系统的桥梁之称。 最后进行测试:

启动和testparm查看Samba本地情况

启动和testparm查看Samba本地情况

Linux-CentOS客户端挂载使用samba文件系统

Linux-CentOS客户端挂载使用samba文件系统

WinNT-Login-Samba-Server

WinNT-Login-Samba-Server

Win NT平台使用Linux下的Samba文件系统

Win NT平台使用Linux下的Samba文件系统 本博文其实不长,是samba主配置文件太多了。cat出来就这么多。原创作品,转载请注明出处,多谢合作!  

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6 条评论添加评论

完全看不懂 = =

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@花七七

恩。这是一篇不好的博文。很久之前写好没更新出来的。因为全文就是cat出了samba配置文件罢了。所以觉得不好。最近忙,但又得更新博文。所以....就这样摆出来了。

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很好的文章,支持下,继续努力,关注中。。。

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@市场调研报告

多谢支持了。做半条垃圾评论处理。。哈哈。

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不懂是什么东西的路过。

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@胖妹纸

妹纸我喜欢。胖点可爱。。哈哈。多谢支持了。贵站很有特色。绿色减肥!!!拉拉。

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